Glycemic control and diabetic foot ulcer outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Last updated: 06-01-2020

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Glycemic control and diabetic foot ulcer outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Superb work from our Hopkins colleagues Lane and coworkers

Role of glycemic control in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is unclear.

Higher A1C and fasting glucose are associated with increased amputation risk in patients with DFUs.

A1C and glucose were not associated with wound healing.

To evaluate the association between glycemic control (hemoglobin A1C, fasting glucose, and random glucose) and the outcomes of wound healing and lower extremity amputation (LEA) among patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs).

Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched for observational studies published up to March 2019. Five independent reviewers assessed in duplicate the eligibility of each study based on predefined eligibility criteria and two independent reviewers assessed risk of bias. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate a pooled odds ratio (OR) or hazard ratio (HR) using random effects for glycemic measures in relation to the outcomes of wound healing and LEA. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore potential source of heterogeneity between studies. The study protocol is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42018096842).

Of 4572 study records screened, 60 observational studies met the study eligibility criteria of which 47 studies had appropriate data for inclusion in one or more meta-analyses (n = 12,604 DFUs). For cohort studies comparing A1C >7.0 to 7.5% vs. lower A1C levels, the pooled OR for LEA was 2.04 (95% CI, 0.91, 4.57) and for studies comparing A1C ≥ 8% vs.


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