There are many research studies that have reported benefits from foot massage, reflexology, and acupressure. However, the quality of these research studies have varied greatly, and until these types of studies are done on large groups of people, it's hard to say definitively what benefit, if any, foot manipulation has on health.
Overall, it is generally accepted that these therapies are able to provide some benefits and they have little to no side effects. Researchers are just not sure how the therapies work. Learn more about some of the conditions that can benefit from foot massage, reflexology, and acupressure.
Trying to heal diabetic foot ulcers is often difficult and takes a lot of time. A research study found that compressed air massage decreased the time it took to heal diabetic foot ulcers. They suggest that it may work by improving local circulation and that it has the potential to be used to supplement standard surgical and medical treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.
Patients dealing with cancer experience many changes to their bodies and minds. Massage, reflexology, and acupressure have been used as complementary therapies to traditional medical treatments in patients who have cancer. Many research studies have shown benefits such as decreased anxiety, pain intensity, nausea, vomiting and fatigue in patients who have cancer.
After surgery, it is not uncommon for patients to have pain. Foot and hand massages were given to post-operative patients and the research study found that pain scores, heart rate, and respiratory rate decreased. It should be noted that the messages were given 1-4 hours after the patients took their pain medications, so this could have affected the results.
Peripheral artery disease is caused by the hardening and narrowing of the arteries, which can lead to decreased blood flow. Acupressure has been shown to increase blood flow. A research study in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (decreased blood flow in their lower legs), showed that acupressure increased the blood flow in the patients' lower legs.
Sometimes hitting middle age can bring about some unwanted changes in how you think and feel. A research study involving middle-aged women showed that self-reflexology decreased depression, perceived stress, systolic blood pressure, and helped strengthen their immune systems.
Many physiological and psychological changes take place during menopause. In a research study comparing reflexology to a foot massage, there was no difference in the amount of benefit of either one in helping with the symptoms of menopause. Both reflexology and foot massage helped to decrease anxiety, depression, hot flashes and night sweats in women during menopause.
High Blood Pressure
According to the American Heart Association, it is estimated that 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. has high blood pressure. A research study looked at the benefits of reflexology on blood pressure, cholesterol, and life satisfaction. They found that reflexology helped lower the systolic blood pressure, but not the diastolic number, and that life satisfaction was improved significantly. Overall, blood cholesterol levels did not show improvement.
People with leg amputations often suffer from phantom limb pain. A research study looked at reflexology and its possible benefits for people with one leg amputated. The study found that reflexology of the foot and hands helped decrease the intensity and duration of phantom limb pain. This was a pilot study, so it was small and had only 10 participants.