Common Running Injuries and Treatment Options

Last updated: 03-13-2021

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 Common Running Injuries and Treatment Options

Running is a sport of passion. Why else would we torture our bodies with miles of punishment every day? Running injuries are an unfortunate but all to Hip and Thigh Injuries

Hip Bursitis
Inflammation of the bursa over the outside of the hip joint, so-called trochanteric bursitis, can cause pain with hip movement. Conservative treatment of hip bursitis is almost always effective, but it's important to get rid of the problem completely to avoid having it becoming a persistent problem.
Snapping Hip Syndrome
Snapping hip syndrome is a term used to describe popping in the hip the can occur as a result of three distinct hip problems. The first is when the IT band snaps over the outside of the thigh. The second occurs when the deep hip flexor snaps over the front of the hip joint. Finally, tears of the cartilage, or labrum, around the hip socket can cause a snapping sensation.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
The iliotibial band is a thick, fibrous band that spans from the hip to the shin; it lends stability to the knee joint and is attached to muscles of the thigh. ITBS is caused when the band becomes inflamed and stiff.
Pulled Hamstring
A pulled hamstring muscle is a common sports injury, seen commonly in sprinters. Treatment of a pulled hamstring is important for a speedy recovery and to prevent re-injury.
Hip Stress Fractures
Stress fractures of the hip are most common in athletes who participate in high-impact sports, such as long-distance runners. Treatment usually is successful by avoiding the impact activities.

Knee Injuries

Patellofemoral Syndrome
Also called "Runner's Knee," problems associated with the patella, or kneecap, are common in runners. The term runner's knee may refer to several common injuries such as chondromalacia, patellar tendonitis, or anterior kneepain.
Kneecap Subluxation
Many kneecap issues are related to the position of the kneecap within the groove on the end of the thigh bone. Often, the kneecap can be pulled to the side of the groove, called a subluxation, and, in severe injuries the kneecap can fully dislocate from the groove.
Plica Syndrome
Plica syndrome occurs when there is irritation of the lining of the knee joint. Part of the lining of the knee joint is more prominent in some individuals and can form a so-called plica shelf. If this tissue becomes inflamed, it can cause knee pain.

Leg Injuries

Shin Splints
Shin splints, like runner's knee, is a term that describes a set of symptoms, not an actual diagnosis. Shin splint pain most commonly refers to inflammation of the attachment of the leg muscles to the shin bone.
Stress Fractures
Stress fractures of the hip are usually seen in long-distance runners, and more commonly in women than in men. These injuries can be commonly seen in endurance athletes with deficient nutrition or eating disorders.
Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome
Exercise-induced compartment syndrome is a condition that causes pain over the front of the leg with activity. Patients with exercise-induced compartment syndrome may require surgery, call a fasciotomy, to relieve their symptoms.

Ankle Injuries

Ankle Sprain
Ankle sprains are common injuries in athletes. Early recognition and treatment of this problem will help speed recovery and minimize reinjury.
Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles tendonitis is a painful condition of the tendon in the back of the ankle. In rare cases, Achilles tendonitis can lead to an increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture.

Foot Injuries

Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is a syndrome of heel pain due to inflammation of the thick ligament of the base of the foot. A tight, inflamed plantar fascia can cause pain when walking or running. Symptoms can be associated with the formation of a heel spur.
Overpronation
Pronation is a normal movement of the foot through the gait cycle. When this motion becomes excessive, overpronation can cause a variety of problems by altering the normal mechanics of the gait cycle. Shoes to control excess foot pronation can be helpful in some cases.
Arch Pain
Arch pain is a common foot complaint. Arch pain, sometimes called a strain, often causes inflammation and a burning sensation under the arch of the foot. Treatment of arch pain often consists of adaptive footwear and inserts.

How to Avoid Running Injuries

Taking a few preventative steps can decrease your chances of developing a serious problem. Be sure to wear proper footwear,stretch properly, and consider ​​​cross-training. Many athletes, runners included, often fail to take proper steps to avoid injury. Even with the most attentive preventative athlete, however, a running injury may still occur—such is the nature of the sport. o common occurrence.

Understanding a running injury is the key to effective treatment. Here you will find resources that explain common problems and offer information about types of treatment for a running injury.


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